“5 minute rule.” How does the Korean Fire Service work?
A fire is an unexpected emergency, one of the worst disasters. That’s why fire safety rules are taught from childhood.
A South Korean correspondent visits the headquarters of a fire station in Hongseong and talks about how the fire service works in this highly developed country.
The staff has prepared a special one-day program for our reportage. First, we met with Lee Sok-Chul, the head of the Hongseong fire station. He spoke about the history of the department, the activities of the fire safety system in Korea and the main departments.
Li Sok-Chul (이석철)
He said the history of the Korean firefighting system dates back to the 15th century, the Chosun Dynasty.
“In South Korea, the National Fire Service is under the Ministry of Public Security and Protection, and fire safety agencies like ours operate under the provincial Fire Department. Each department has a National Fire Service academy that trains firefighters.
We are always ready to cooperate and exchange experiences with the Uzbek fire service, ”said Mr. Lee, head of the Hoengseong Fire Department.
During our trip we visited the central market of the city. Here, firefighters conducted a special Fire Campaign for the population: about 30 volunteer firefighters, led by the head of the fire safety battalion, distributed special reminders. On the eve of the Korean holiday Seollal, a wonderful gift – a fire detector – was distributed to the population.
This means that volunteer firefighters in Korea can also help put out fires.
We talked to the fire department and tried to find answers to our questions. Our first interlocutor was Kwang-mo Choi (choegwangmo), the leader of the Rescue and Medical Services team, Fire Marshal.
Kwang-mo Choi (right)
- What are the requirements for employment in the fire service?
- To become a firefighter, you need to pass a special exam in 3 stages. These are written (40 percent), physical exam (30 percent) and interview (30 percent).
The written exam will include questions on law, fire science, English and Korean history.
The physical exam will test the physical condition of future firefighters and their ability to serve in the rescue service through a series of exercises.
The mental state of the candidate also plays an important role in passing the test.
- What compensation will be paid to the relatives of a firefighter who died during the firefighting?
“If a firefighter is seriously injured in a fire, the state will pay for his treatment and hospitalization.” However, if an accident occurs and the firefighter dies on time, first of all, funds will be raised by his colleagues and the Fire Department headquarters and presented to the family members as a token of gratitude for their courageous service.
Sponsoring companies that work alongside the station also donate large sums of money as donors.
The family of the deceased also receives a monthly allowance from the firefighter. In addition to the pension, the state will provide a one-time cash benefit of half a million dollars.
If the firefighter’s family is registered in the “Patriots of the Nation” system, they will receive a lot of benefits from the state, including access to universities, employment benefits, special funds for starting a small business. may have.
- How long does it take for firefighters to reach the scene?
“The government has not set a specific time for firefighters to arrive at the scene.” But in Korea, firefighters try to work according to the “5-minute rule.”
Sometimes it takes 20-30 minutes to reach the outlying areas. In such cases, firefighters turn to fire safety volunteers in the area.
In Korea, the volunteer system is well established, and various fire drills and fire campaigns are held in the regions to raise public awareness on fire safety. The main goal is to increase the responsibility of the population in the event of natural disasters and fires.
It is noteworthy that not only men but also women work here as firefighters. He continued our conversation with Kim Da-Yong (gimdayeon), the youngest firefighter at the fire station.
“I work as a firefighter in the fire department. My main task is to protect people and their property from fire and extinguish the fire in a timely manner. I chose this profession because I want to make a positive impact on people’s lives by helping them. It’s only been a year since I joined this team. So far, I have been involved in more than 10 fires, ”he said.
- What difficulties do you face in working in this field?
“It’s not difficult for me to fight fires and save lives.” But the biggest challenge in my profession is the way people treat a female firefighter. Sometimes when I go to a rescue site during work hours, I find myself in a difficult position due to the mistrust that people express towards me, the unfounded comments. Most people are not used to seeing a young girl like me in the image of a firefighter. Therefore, I always try to justify the trust of people who follow such misconceptions and do my job to the fullest.
- How did your parents react to your choice of profession?
“At first they opposed my becoming a firefighter.” But before I agree, I tell them that my goal is serious. I still tell them the details of what I do. As time goes on, they realize how right I was.
Jin Yun-shik (jin yunsig), an experienced emergency medical service worker at Hongseong Fire Station, gave information about what modern technologies employees use during their service:
Jin Yun-Shik (진윤식)
“After each fire call, the firefighter must report it. Therefore, each firefighter and rescuer is provided with special tablets, through which we are aware of all emergencies.
The ambulance will always have two paramedics and a driver. The staff also has a dedicated GoPro camera. The reason is that we encounter different people in our work. At times, they may even attack an ambulance or get drunk. Cameras, on the other hand, help capture the exact situation.
Another device is a special phone for online communication, and sometimes we feel the need for immediate medical advice. Through this mobile application, we will be able to communicate with doctors live, receive instructions on the necessary operations and use of drugs. “
It turns out that the ambulance service is absolutely free, and if foreigners feel the need for help, but do not know Korean, special translators will help to translate their language.
What is the daily routine of an ambulance worker?
We start the day by checking the ambulance. The situation is then reported to the administrative unit. Each employee performs scheduled exercises on a daily basis. If there are no calls, you can spend your free time sleeping in the living room or hanging out. There will also be online courses to learn best practices from the Cyber Academy distance learning system.
Our last interlocutor was Kang Byung-Il (gangbyeong-il), a fire safety lieutenant and rescuer:
Kang Byung-Il (강병일)
“I have been working as a rescue and firefighter at Hongseong Fire Station for 18 years. Rescue teams are responsible for rescue operations in the event of an accident, such as a car accident, flood, fire, or earthquake. We are also responsible for protecting people from fires while firefighters put them out.
My annual salary is around 65-75 million won ($ 50,000-60,000). ”
- What complex situations do you face in your work?
“Sometimes there are a lot of surprises that make you feel helpless.” Even the biggest challenge in my profession is being impossible during recovery.
Six years ago, heavy rains in the summer caused severe flooding. We went to the rescue area to rescue people, but the floodwaters were so strong that I was afraid I would not be able to rescue people. Fortunately, with the help of rescue volunteers who arrived, we saved the lives of all those who were left in the flood. However, this incident is etched in my memory. Even sometimes insomnia is annoying.
- How do your family members and children feel about your chosen profession?
My children are very proud of me. And my husband is always worried about me, he’s afraid I’m going to get hurt. I really want my sons to continue my career.
In South Korea, there is no such thing as a holiday for full-time firefighters, rescuers and paramedics. They are only entitled to 20 days of leave for one year.
Prepared by Feruza Avazova.
This is the translated version of article «5 daqiqa qoidasi» Koreya yong‘in xavfsizligi xizmati qanday ishlaydi?
The following 26 files are in this category, out of 26 total.
from Pocket https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:2020%EB%85%84_%EC%9A%B0%EC%A6%88%EB%B2%A0%ED%82%A4%EC%8A%A4%ED%83%84_kun.uz_%EA%B8%B0%EC%9E%90_Feruza_Avazova_Alisherovna_%ED%9A%A1%EC%84%B1%EC%86%8C%EB%B0%A9%EC%84%9C_%EC%B7%A8%EC%9E%AC
Date: ’20. 1. 23. (Thur) / 10:30 ~ 15:10
Promotion place: Hoengseong Fire Station, Hoengseong Traditional Market, etc.
Visitors: 2 Uzbekistan journalists ‣ Perugia Alikurova and Shockk Avazov
(Feruza Avazava Alisherovna / shoruh Avazov)
내용 Main Contents: Introduction of Hoengseong Fire Station, Interview with Employees, Fire Fighting Campaign
-Fostering the Korean Fire Industry and Cultivating Culture
-Sharing firefighting policies between countries by promoting multinational firefighting
-“ Building a Global Platform for Korean Firefighting ” through Continuous World Promotion
-Due to the characteristics of Hoengseong-gun where many immigrant women are present, mutual understanding is improved through this policy.
-The Hoengseong 119 Safety Center and Rescue Team have no space for preliminary interview and dispatch.
Cooperate with the filming line.
|시 간||장 소||대 상||내 용|
|10:30~10:55||서장실||방호구조과장기자 2||– 소방서 도착 및 서장과 T-Time|
|11:00~12:00||횡성 시장 및 횡성오거리||기자 2소방 등 50||– 설, 『고향집, 주택용 소방시설 선물 하기』 집중홍보 및 캠페인 추진|
|13:20~15:00||청사 앞||소방사 김다연소방교 진윤식소방장 강병일※ 변동가능 有||– 대한민국 소방을 대표하여 화재·구조·구급대원 인터뷰 추진 ☞ 인터뷰 내용 사전 제공|
|15:00~15:10||청사 앞||–||– 기념사진 촬영|
Hoengseong Fire Station (CEO Lee Suk-cheol) announced on the 23rd that it had launched a multi-purpose “special measure” fire-fighting campaign with KUN.UZ reporter Feruza Avazova Alisherovna of Uzbekistan. Founded in 2012, Kun.uz is Uzbekistan’s Internet news magazine, which uses three languages (Russia, English, Uzbekistan) to upload articles to Facebook, Instagram and YouTube, and to interact with numerous followers. On this day, he introduced Korea’s Hoengseong Fire Station and interviewed firefighters Kim Da-yeon, Park Young-min, Jin Yun-sik and Kang Byeong-il. At the Hoengseong Market and Hoengseong Ohori, 50 people including firefighting and related organizations promoted the home firefighting campaign in Japan. The above information will be reported to Kun.uz in 1-2 days. Choi Kwang-Mo, a first aid worker in charge of this work, said, “The multinational public relations provided an opportunity to share firefighting policies with each other.” “We will continue to create such opportunities in the future.” Lee Seok-chul, director of Hoengseong Fire Station, said, “This nature has led to the establishment of a global platform exclusively for Hoengseong Firefighting. said.