2019 wildfire white paper in Gangwon-do

2016년 5월 7일 강원도지사 최문순 DSC00460

First of all, I think it is very meaningful to publish a forest fire white paper in April that reviews the field activities such as firefighting and evacuation of human lives. Gangwon-do is a forest of 81% of the total area, and is a treasure trove of forest resources, and dense forests, beautiful nature, clean water and air centered on Baekdu-daegan, are valuable assets that will enrich our future. It is also. Unfortunately, we suffered a disaster that resembled a battlefield in April, with large forest fires that lost about 4,000 times the size of the football field and numerous victims. Though once deprived and frustrated, the Gangwon-do people’s dedication and effort, and firemen, struggling firefighters, medical fire brigades, forestry officials, military servicemen, etc. I could. The permanent restoration of devastated forests will take more than 50 years, but I believe that if we gather the strength and wisdom of all of our citizens, we will be able to restore to the beautiful forests of the past, and we will be an opportunity for telephone restoration. In this context, the publication of this wildfire white paper is considered more deeply, and the forest fire prevention has a great expectation in that it will be a valuable foundation for the construction of forest-free Gangwon-do. Finally, I would like to extend my deepest gratitude to all of you for your dedication and support in forest fire extinguishing and restoration.

Gangwon provincial governor Choi Moon-soon

2011년 5월 5일 산림청 헬기 강릉 소금강 추락 사고 DSC00902

Forests are where our lives, cultures and history began, and the clean water, clean air and the beautiful natural environment of the forests are valuable assets that enrich human life. In particular, as Gangwon-do is composed mostly of forests, the protection and development of forest resources is becoming more important. Last spring, there was a sad and heartbreaking loss of precious forest resources in our province. The East Coast wildfires, which have caused the worst damage in history, have deeply hurt many people, but it is a great lesson for us that the whole nation has been able to prevent greater disasters. Firefighters from all over the country for the night’s fire suppression, Forest Service family members who led the firefighting activities in the wind, military servicemen, police, volunteers from all over the country, and all the people who gathered their hearts like my work. ! I believe that thanks to the united heart of all people, I was able to overcome the disaster that I could not handle. Therefore, the publication of the 2019 Gangwon Wildfire White Paper, which systematically summarizes and re-examines the history of overcoming forest fires on the east coast, is more meaningful and special. We hope to serve as an opportunity to remind us of our proud history of gathering the strength and wisdom of all the people and overcome our nation’s precious assets, even in the event of a great disaster. I would like to express my deepest gratitude to all those who have been striving for forest fire prevention, evolution and recovery, and to all of the officials who have worked hard to make this book. Let’s work hard together. Congratulations on the publication of the “ 2019 Gangwon Wildfire White Paper ”. Thank you.

Chairman of the Gangwon-do council Han Geum-seok

2012년 7월 서울특별시 소방공무원 활동 사진 앨범 소방항공대 입선.은평.북한산 산불 진화

The Gangwon wildfire, which occurred in April after the spring special drying campaign lasted more than 40 days, quickly spread to 2,868 ha of forests and 1,800 dong including housing in just two hours. Kangwon Fire Station has been preparing for disaster response stably since it has suffered large-scale wildfires, such as the East Coast wildfire that occurred in six cities and counties in Samcheok in 2000 and the Yangyang wildfire that lost Naksansa Temple in 2005. As a result, the largest firefighting force was mobilized more rapidly than ever with a unified command system from the Fire Service, the general agency responsible for land disasters, to local fire departments, and the local authorities, police, The organic activities of related organizations, such as military units, were systematically interlocked so that fires could be extinguished in a relatively short time, even in the worst weather conditions.

Firefighters, medical firefighters and firefighting families! Firefighting should focus all its capabilities on developing disaster response capabilities based on the mission that public safety is a priority. This white paper is designed to analyze the disaster of forest fire and describe the evolutionary process in detail to become a manual that strengthens the forest fire response and to serve as a fodder for the sweat and effort of those who participated in the forest fire evolution process. I did it. Other city and provincial firefighters and volunteers who ran and helped the firefighters, medical firefighters, and forest fire-related workers who worked on the fire at all kinds of dangers even in the harshest terrain and in the worst weather conditions. Thank you again for taking this opportunity to all of you. We hope that this white paper will be of little help to all those who are striving for the comfort and safety of the people.

Chung-Sik Kim, Fire Commissioner, Gangwon Fire Headquarters.

Forest Fire Prevention and Suppression Support Measures in 2020

Forest Fire Prevention and Suppression Support Measures in 2020

❖ Support for forest fire prevention and suppression in accordance with the 2020 Road Fire Prevention Plan
Promote measures to minimize the loss of valuable lives and property

I

Forest Fire Outbreak Status and Weather Forecast

One

Forest Fire Outbreaks in the Past 10 Years

Increasing the number and area of ​​wildfires caused by global warming and climate change
* (2010 ~ 2014) 238 cases, 250ha → (2015 ~ 1919) 444 cases, 5,159ha
❍ Operate forest fire precautionary periods during spring and autumn with a lot of wildfires and special countermeasures against forest fires at major times

The prevalence of forest fires is spring and autumn, and the main cause of fires
❍ On average, 68 cases occurred in the last 10 years, 540 ha of forest damage
-45 cases (66%) occurred in spring (February to May) and area accounted for 503 ha (55%)
* The highest number of monthly occurrences is April 14 (20%) and the maximum damage is 298 ha (55%) in April.
-6 cases (10%) occurred in November and December and 20ha (2%) area
* The number of occurrences in November and December was 3 cases (5%) respectively, and the maximum damage was 10ha (2%) in December.
-The causes are mostly misfires by residents (47%, 32 cases) and incineration wildfires (21%, 14 cases).
* Actualized by residents: (last 10 years) 47% ⇒ (’16 years) 35% ⇒ (’17) 55% ⇒ (’18 years) 47% ⇒ (’19 years) 31%
❍ Wildfires occur throughout the year due to high temperatures throughout the year, low precipitation and increased days of drying
* Forest fires outside the forest fire monitoring period (cases): (10-year average) 23⇒ (’17 years) 26⇒ (’18 years) 20⇒ (’19 years) 29

2

Forest Fire Prevention Policy

Increased risk of large payments on the East Coast due to climate change and increased forest resources
❍ The average temperature in spring will be similar to or higher than the average year (11.4`12.0 ℃), but the climate change will be large, and precipitation is likely to be similar to the average year (209.1 ~ 260.4mm), but in March ~ April, the risk of wildfire remains.
❍ In the last 10 years, the majority of large forest fires (100 cases) over 100 ha have
* Number of large forest fires over 100ha: (East Coast) 7 cases, 87% / (Engseo) 1 case, 23%)
※ Reinforcement of readiness is needed in the areas where the dry and strong wind special warnings are issued on the east coast

Power facilities and DMZ wildfires are emerging as new causes of wildfires
❍ The number of wildfires caused by electric power facilities is small (3 in 10 years), but can be expanded to large wildfires.
* ‘The cause of large forest fires in Goseong and Sokcho on April 4, 19
❍ Repeated wildfires at military ranges and large-scale DMZ wildfires have emerged as issues.
* Military Range Wildfires: Focus on Spring with a High Risk of Wildfires

Need to strengthen fundamental safety measures by major causes of forest fires
❍ Forest fires are expected to increase due to hiking populations, mushroom and herbalist harvesters, and incineration of garbage.
* Strong crackdown on unauthorized entry, forest fire, etc.
❍ Incineration wildfires are on the rise again, and there are risks in rural conditions that are inferior to collection and disposal.
* Number of incineration wildfires (weighted): (last 10 years) 21% → (’17) 7% → (’18) 17% → (’19) 18%
❍ High potential for forest fires due to fires in buildings caused by the increase of pension complexes around Guisan Village and forests
❍ As forests become dense, fuels such as trees and forests grow continuously

One

Prevention of forest fires and promotion activities at major times

Full inspection and fire suppression drill

Major Vulnerability

▫ New Year’s Day Full Moon (2. 7. ~ 2. 8.) * New Year’s Day Full Moon (2. 8.)
▫ Arbor Day, Cheongmyeong, Korean Food (4. 5.∼ 4. 5) * Cheongmyeong (4. 4.), Korean Food, Arbor Day (4. 5.)
▫e 21st Congressional Election (4.15.)
▫ Buddha’s Birthday (4. 29. ~ 4. 30.) * Buddha’s Birthday (4. 30.)
▫ Chuseok (9. 30. ~ 10. 4.) * Chuseok (10. 1.)

❍ Time: (Spring) February-April, (Autumn) October-November
❍ Target: Cultural assets, traditional temples, important facilities, etc.
※ Protection Structure Division -1771 (20. 1. 20.): Promotion of the “2020 Fire Fighting Training Promotion Plan”
❍ Operation method: Joint execution of firefighting, cultural property, forest, local government
❍ Promotion
-Provide safety training to prevent fires, including forest fires
-Special safety checks and joint fire drills for cultural property
* Strengthening initial response capability centered on self-defense fire brigade and securing dispatch route
-Cooperation to eliminate forest fire factors such as transmission towers and military ranges
* Send notice of forest fire prevention to Korea Electric Power Corporation
-Continue on-site training and maintain manual

Special safety check
Self-Defense Fire Drills
Cultural Fire Fighting Training

Settlement of pre-reporting of rice paddy field and support for removal of flammable substances
❍ Crack down on actions that could be mistaken for fire by unauthorized burning
* Province Fire Safety Management Ordinance (penalty below 200,000 won) / Promotion of joint promotion with the city and county
❍ Fire truck support on request of the city government for the removal of forest and paddy fields
* Support for fire trucks and deployment of forest fire surveillance personnel at the time of joint incineration

Incineration of Agricultural Waste in Village Units
Forest Fire Evolution Support
Forest Ground Incineration Crackdown

Firefighting helicopter forest fire prevention publicity activities (flight training hours, etc.)
❍ Promote broadcasts to prevent forest fires (mountain safety accidents) using firefighting helicopters
-Target areas: forest fire vulnerable areas frequented by national parks and hikers
-Method: Operate according to local conditions such as holidays and forest fire hazard alerts.
※ Firefighting headquarters helicopter (2 units) PR area: Hoengseong ⤍ Yeongseo, Yangyang ⤍ East coast

Promote forest fire prevention activities for major vulnerable periods
❍ Publicity broadcasting of forest fire (mountain safety accident) prevention by vehicle
-Target areas: forest fire vulnerable areas frequented by national parks and hikers
-Method: Operate according to government office conditions such as holidays and forest fire hazard alerts.
❍ Forest fire border (atmosphere) service, patrol, and evacuation and relief activities for vulnerable periods
-Target area: Eupyeong-myeon firefighting teams of Eup and Myeon and medical fire brigade around the local university (2 ~ 3 people per day)
-Method: flexible operation of the fire chief’s judgment, such as the announcement of holidays and forest fire hazard alarms
❍ Campaigning for forest fires (prevention of mountain safety accidents)
-Target area: Entrance to major hiking trails by fire department (promote banner use, etc.)
-Method: Joint operation of medical fire brigade, National Park Service, and city
Operation of Forest Fire Extinguisher
❍ Supporting early firefighting activities and forest fire suppression (support for other authorities)
※ 18 cities and counties 1,510 (1,380 in 138 units of the main school / 130 in 29 districts)
❍ Rehabilitation of forest fire extinguishers for each fire department and safety training including forest fire suppression tips
Induce firefighting and firefighting of volunteer firefighters
❍ Assisting medical firefighters who complete professional training on fire suppression and serve the community to be selected as forest fire monitors and firefighting personnel.

2

Prepare for fires and prepare for response

Operation of emergency management support system against large forest fires
❍ Prepare for advance response by reinforcing firefighting headquarters situation management personnel
-Time: When the 1st stage of response to fire department is issued
-Persons: 1 lawyer
-Contents: Support for situation management and preparation of road control team
❍ Enhance work, including major fire breakdown periods

◦ Weekends: Reinforcement of work at the alert stage of the Forest Service
※ Four stages of forest fire alarm (Article 23 of the Enforcement Decree of the Forest Protection Act): Attention → Attention → Boundary → Serious
◦ Cheongmyeong, Korean Food (4.4. ~ 4.5.), Buddha’s Birthday (4.30.), Etc.

 -(Firefighting headquarters) Reinforce emergency personnel such as Jeongwoldae Full Moon, Arbor Day, Cheongmyeong, and Korean Food
   * Assistance in case of special boundary working period (2 people waiting a day)
 -(Fire Department) Flexible operation depending on the level of crisis alert and the time of vulnerability
   말 Weekend: Wait for mandatory personnel to dispatch `` Border ''
   보 Daeboreum, Arbor Day, Cheongmyeong, Korean Food, Buddha's Day, etc.
     ※ The fire chief's chief is flexible in consideration of local conditions and weather conditions.
   재정 Reorganize all emergency staff networks and establish an immediate response system.
❍ Fire emergency response team for fire in case of large forest fire
    ※ Notice of Amendment to the Fire Protection and Rescue Division -10569 ('18 .5.4) '
     원칙 Priority response of the highest level

Intensive management of forest fire-prone areas
❍ Maintenance of facilities such as private houses in wildfire-vulnerable areas such as national parks (management card)
※ Utilize maps of portals and store them in situation rooms and command vehicles
(Location, number of households, driveway, nearby fire water, representative emergency contact network, etc.)
❍ Take countermeasures against areas where fire trucks are difficult to access, including cultural assets and traditional temples
-Secure self-extinguishing water (more than 20 minutes), install a fire extinguisher, outdoor fire hydrant, waterproof gun, etc.
-Elimination of weeds in contiguous forests, creating a buffer zone to prevent forest fires
-Firefighting training for organizing and operating self-contained firefighting teams and improving initial response capacity.

Creation of forest junction buffer zone
Self-extinguishing Facility
Self-Defense Force fire drill

Rapid and accurate situation management (reporting and propagation) system establishment
❍ Providing information on the utilization of forest fire site video monitoring system and deploying suppression operations
-2018. 4. Approval of Use Rights: Spring (2.1 ~ 5.15.), Autumn (11.1. ~ 12.15.)
-Provide system utilization and commander information during the comprehensive situation room
❍ Actively use the forest fire situation control system to share disaster information (forecast situation, etc.)
❍ Share forest helicopter (forest service) aerial evolution video
* Signed business agreement for joint response to forest fires (March 28, 2017)
⤷ Gangwon-do, Firefighting Headquarters, Eastern and Northern Forest Service
❍ Accurately grasp the situation when receiving a forest fire report, prompt dissemination of related agencies, and request for helicopter
※ Record the situation work log such as early fire spread situation, dispatch of firefighting team (helicopter), arrival time on site, establishment of integrated firefighting field command center (time and place, operation personnel, dispatch of fire liaison officer)
❍ Renewal and supplementation of support agreement (emergency contact network) between related organizations of forest fire mobilization resources
Thorough inspection and maintenance of forest fire suppression equipment and fire water facilities
❍ Thoroughly train and manage forest fire extinguishing equipment such as forest fire hose reel
-Thorough inspection and maintenance of fire trucks and fire suppression equipment (100% operation)
-Continuous operation training for forest fire suppression equipment such as power fire pump
❍ Checking freshwater management status to secure fire water for each fire department
❍ Check the management status of the water intake during the dry season or the freezing season of the weak fire zone

Forest fire extinguishing equipment inspection and maintenance
Forest fire extinguishing equipment operation training
Fire helicopter intake check

3

Forest Fire Elementary Suppression and Air Conditioning System

Field Commander Prompts quick situation determination and early input of appropriate extinguishing resources
❍ Top priority for prompt initial response and protection of private houses and cultural assets in case of wildfire
※ In case of damages to private houses, the on-site commander puts the highest priority on evacuation of all firefighting powers, including forest firefighting teams (including medical firefighters), and evacuation of private houses.
❍ Initiating the superior firefighting force in response to requests for simultaneous dispatch of local firefighting teams
❍ The field commander requested rapid forest (lease) helicopters and firefighting assistance to the 119 Situation Room at the early stages of forest fires (supporting wide-range helicopters, including 6 available leased helicopters in the province).
* Priority call for helicopters regardless of size when wildfires and weather alerts are issued

Private and cultural property protection
Volunteer Fire Fighting Evolution
Aerial Evolution of Forest Helicopters

Reestablishing the on-site command system for effective forest fire extinguishing
❍ In principle, the site command center should be united as a forest fire site integration command center (city, county, forestry office), and separate emergency rescue control groups for urban and large forest fires.
❍ Firefighting performs the duties and roles of the Emergency Rescue Control Group in the field of fires and disasters.
* With the revision of the Framework Act on Disaster and Safety Management (’14 .12.30), the head of the Integrated Support Division (the head of the municipal and military departments) cooperated with the head of the emergency rescue control team (fire chief) on matters related to emergency rescue.

Clarify mission and role of fire helicopter and establish support system
❍ The firefighting helicopter pays attention to safety accidents with other agency helicopters, and puts priority on the protection of facilities such as private houses.
* Focusing on public evolution for forest protection when there is no concern about damage to facilities such as private houses
❍ Establishing regional dispatch and sharing of situation and propagation system and securing wired / wireless communication network according to forest terrain and accessibility among firefighting aviation
* National Disaster Shared Frequency (Note. 122.0MHz, Reserved. 127.8MHz)
❍ The 119 General Situation Room requested immediate dispatch of forest helicopters at any stage of the fire.
* Unification of the window to the 119 General Situation Room at the fire station

Secure and use forest fire extinguishing equipment
❍ Establish a local support system for forest fire extinguishing equipment (e.g., light pumps, etc.) when mobilizing civilian resources such as medical fire brigades for remaining fire extinguishing (cooperative with local governments for each fire department)
❍ Wear personal safety equipment and check the crew safety of field commanders for effective and safe extinguishing activities in vast forest areas.

Proactive Response System for Simultaneous Bundles and Night Fires
❍ Establishment of simultaneous fire suppression system
-Maintaining a smooth communication system between the local government (the Forest Service) and the fire department’s field command headquarters (distributing liaison officers when installing the fire field integrated command center)
-Evolutionary manpower and firefighting helicopters in accordance with forest fire extinguishing priority
❍ Establishment of night fire preparedness and thorough safety management
-Focusing on preventing combustion expansion, such as preliminary watering of expected private houses, evacuation of life expectancy, and construction of defense ships rather than direct firefighting.
-In case of forest fire extinguishing at night, check on site situation and check fire safety

4

East Coast Large Forest Fire Prevention Measures

Joint Response to the East Coast Fire Prevention Center
❍ Instrument: 1 center 2 rooms (Situation Response Room, Integrated Support Room)
❍ Manpower: 23 people (Fig. 10, City 6, Forest Service 6, Meteorological Agency 1)
※ Dangerous periods such as special measures for large forest fires (Dispatch): Ministry of National Defense 1, National Police Agency 1, National Park 1

Head of Integrated Command Division (Governor of Gangwon-do)
Counselor: Green Coat

  • Articles 37 and 38 of the Forest Protection Act

Donghae Coastal Fire Prevention Center (23 persons)
Director (one person)
(Seobangjeong / Gangwon-do)

East Sea Special Disaster
Correspondence group (35)
Director (1 person)
(Seobangjeong / Gangwon-do)

Deputy Director (1 person)
Forest Service

Situation counter
(13 people / 3 shifts)

Integrated Support Office
(8 people / day)

East Sea
Special Disaster
Correspondence group (35)

Gangwon-do 2, 6 County
Fire room 3, Forest Service 2

Gangwon-do 3, Korea Forest Service 3
Fire room 1, Meteorological Agency 1

   ※ Dangerous periods such as special measures for large forest fires (Dispatch): Ministry of National Defense 1, National Police Agency 1, National Park 1
❍ Open 24 hours
  -3 shifts in 24 hours (firefighting, city, military, etc.), prompt situation determination and first responders
  -Integrated management of forest fire response using relevant information among related agencies (Forest Authority, Provincial, City, County, Firefighting, etc.)

❍ Integration of forest fire extinguishing resources on the east coast
  -Integrated management and operation of six city and county firefighting resources (helicopters, equipment, manpower, etc.) on the east coast
  -Request for priority flight orders for wildfire-fired helicopters deployed in the center jurisdiction;
❍ Human Resources

division
manpower
equipment
system
warden
Official
Evolution
Evolution
Public (special)
Evolution
system
helicopter
Evolution
mechanization
system
camera
system
1,761
814
304
560
83
248
10
73
98
67
Municipality
1,513
814
253
422
24
202
3
66
78
55
Forest Service
248

51
138
59
44
5
7
20
12

❍ Status of helicopter use

division
Placement Status
Other
Gangneung Airlines Office
Extra Large 1 (8,000ℓ), Large 3 (3,000ℓ), Medium 1 (800ℓ)

hire
Goseong, Sokcho, Yangyang
S-58HT (1,800ℓ)
Sokcho Waiting
Gangneung, East Sea, Samcheok
KA-32A (5,000ℓ)
Samcheok atmosphere

❍ Details

division
Surveillance and Evolution Personnel
Prevention and extinguishing equipment
system
Official
Evolution
Public
Evolution
warden
Professional, special
Evolution
system
camera
Evolution
mechanization
system
helicopter
system
1,337
304
10
814
609
242
67
70
98
7
Municipality
1,089
253

814
422
198
55
63
78
2
Goseong-gun
259
64

130
65
21
6
5
10

Sokcho
145
40

70
35
33
5
7
18

Yangyang-gun
174
20

104
50
23
8
10
4
One
Gangneung
319
59

140
120
48
14
21
13

Donghae
156
15

91
50
29
5
9
15

Samcheok
436
55

279
102
47
17
11
18
One
Forest Service
248
51
10

187
44
12
7
20
5
Eastern District Office
29
16

13
2
2

Gangneung Office
74
15

59
11
3
2
6

Samcheok Management Office
67
10

57
13
3
2
8

Yangyang Office
68
10

58
12
4
3
5

Gangneung Airlines Office
10

10

6

One
5

Active Firefighting Efforts for Pan-East Special Disaster Response Team
❍ Operated two forest fire specialist cars (’19 .7.8.)
❍ In case of wildfires in Yeongdong area, on-site dispatch, focusing on initial fire extinguishing under the direction of the director of the East Coast Fire Prevention Center
Strategic movement of evolutionary resources in the East Coast weather report
❍ (Phase 1) In case of overlapping warning of dry alarm and strong wind warning
-East Coastal Firepower Reinforcement (23, 61)
-Batch vehicles by department; 23 units (Chuncheon 2 Wonju 2, Taebaek 2, Hongcheon 2, Hoengseong 2, Yeongwol 2, Pyeongchang 2,
Jeongseon 2, Cheorwon 2, Hwacheon 2, Yanggu 1, Inje 2)
※ Applied designated vehicle related to Protection Structure Division-No. 1502 (January 16, 2020)
❍ (Phase 2) In case of dry alarm and strong wind alarm superimposition forecast
-National Fire Service Fire Department Request
-Efficient resource management operation through nationwide firefighting training
※ Establishment of detailed plan for the advancement of firefighting force
Resource group designation operation
❍ Operation of 6 city and county resource collection points on the east coast
-Resource gathering sites: 15 places (Gangneung 3, Donghae 2, Samcheon 2, Sokcho 2, Goseong 3, Yangyang 2)
-Operation of resource gathering sites: Operation of the British Library control group

area
Castle
Sokcho
Sheep sheep
Gangneung
East Sea
Three
Operating Office
Cheorwon, Yanggu
Hwacheon, Inje
Chuncheon, Hongcheon
Hoengseong, Pyeongchang
Wonju, Jeongseon
Taebaek, Yeongwol

     ※ Operation of resource gathering area related to Protection Structure Division-1502 (2020. 1.16.)

Promotion of installation of fire extinguishing system for East Coast Forest Adjacent Village
❍ Held a regional briefing session for priority installation of firefighting water facilities in forest adjoining villages (2.7. Yangyang Fire Station)
❍ Business budget: KRW 180 million (original budget)
※ Promoting additional budget such as special grant tax
❍ Reinforce the education of villagers’ emergency fire extinguishing system
※ Resident education and management related to the Protective Structure Division-2887 (20. 2. 3.)