Paramedics infection prevention Standard Precaution

1980년대 서울소방 119구급대원 활동사진

Standard Precaution applies to all patients treated in the hospital, regardless of whether the patient is diagnosed or suspected to prevent infection from blood, secretions, wounded skin, or mucous membranes (see Infection Control Guidelines in the Ministry of Health and Welfare).
❍ (Hand Washing) Hand Washing (Hygiene) is the simplest and most important way to reduce the risk of microbial transmission between the patient and the patient. After washing and disinfecting equipment, make sure to wash your hands.
❍ (Gloves) Gloves should be worn during patient contact by providing contamination protection and protection when in contact with blood, body fluids, feces, mucous membranes and damaged skin.
❍ (mask) Must be worn to protect the mucous membranes of eyes, nose and mouth when performing procedures that may cause blood or body fluids to splash or spray.
❍ (protective clothing) Must be worn to protect clothing or body when performing procedures that may cause blood or body fluids to splash or spray.
❍ (Goods used for patients) Various goods used for the treatment of patients are considered contaminated, so consumable items must be discarded and reused items must be disinfected and sterilized before reuse.
❍ (Environmental management) The emergency equipment such as stretchers and splints, which have many contact with patients, should be washed and disinfected at the infection control room from time to time.
❍ (Preventing occupational exposure) Be careful not to be punctured when handling needles and other sharp instruments used on patients (be careful when cleaning instruments or discarding needles after treatment), and avoid direct contact with patients.
󰊸 Specific (medical) waste disposal measures
❍ (Required) Prevention of infection due to the generation of waste such as objects contaminated with blood or liquid, human tissue, cotton wool, needles, and personal protective equipment during the treatment, transportation, and cleaning of equipment (emergency).
❍ (Collection and Storage) Ambulance operators store wastes generated from ambulances in the waste storage area of ​​the infection control room.
❍ (Disposal) Dispose of certain wastes from ambulances at designated hospitals *
* Daesung Hospital, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, etc.
❍ (Post-management) Thorough data management such as registration of system processing result such as ESMI when processing specific waste